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Months of the Gregorian and Hijri Calendars

The Gregorian and Hijri calendars are two of the most widely used calendars in the world. The Gregorian calendar is the civil calendar of most countries in the world, while the Hijri calendar is the religious calendar of Islam.

The Gregorian Calendar

The Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar that is based on the Earth’s revolution around the sun. It is divided into 12 months, each of which has a different number of days. The months are:

  • January: 31 days
  • February: 28 days (or 29 days in leap years)
  • March: 31 days
  • April: 30 days
  • May: 31 days
  • June: 30 days
  • July: 31 days
  • August: 31 days
  • September: 30 days
  • October: 31 days
  • November: 30 days
  • December: 31 days

Months of the Gregorian and Hijri Calendars

The Hijri Calendar

The Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar that is based on the phases of the moon. It is divided into 12 months, each of which has a different number of days. The months are:

  • Muharram: 30 days
  • Safar: 29 or 30 days
  • Rabi’ al-Awwal: 30 days
  • Rabi’ al-Akhir: 29 or 30 days
  • Jumādā al-Ula: 30 days
  • Jumādā al-Ākhirah: 29 or 30 days
  • Rajab: 30 days
  • Sha’ban: 29 or 30 days
  • Ramadan: 30 days
  • Shawwal: 29 or 30 days
  • Dhu al-Qa’dah: 30 days
  • Dhu al-Hijjah: 29 or 30 days

Comparison of the Two Calendars

The Gregorian and Hijri calendars have a number of differences. The Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar, while the Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar. This means that the Gregorian calendar is based on the Earth’s revolution around the sun, while the Hijri calendar is based on the phases of the moon.

Another difference between the two calendars is the length of the months. The Gregorian months all have a fixed number of days, while the Hijri months have a variable number of days. This is because the Hijri calendar is based on the phases of the moon, which are not always consistent.

Finally, the Gregorian calendar is the civil calendar of most countries in the world, while the Hijri calendar is the religious calendar of Islam. This means that the Gregorian calendar is used for everyday purposes, such as dating and scheduling, while the Hijri calendar is used for religious purposes, such as determining the start and end of Ramadan.

Conclusion

The Gregorian and Hijri calendars are two important calendars that are used by millions of people around the world. The Gregorian calendar is the civil calendar of most countries in the world, while the Hijri calendar is the religious calendar of Islam. The two calendars have a number of differences, including the type of calendar they are, the length of the months, and the purposes for which they are used.

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